Cheat Sheet

A quick guide to some common wine vocabulary.  I did not rely on one source because definitions seemed to vary.  Definitions are not complete in all cases…this is a cheat sheet after all.  More info can be found if you follow the links.

Tasting Characteristics:  Fruit, Sweetness, Tannins, Acidity and Boldness

Terrior – The environmental condition, especially the soil and climate, in which grapes are grown and give the wine a unique flavor.  http://www.dictionary.com/browse/terroir , https://vinepair.com/wine-101/terroir-wine-guide/

Old World Wines – Generally wine made in Europe but could also include wine making regions that surround the Mediterranean sea.

New World Wines –  Everywhere that is not covered by Europe or close to the Mediterranean.  Most often the regions are the US, Australia, Chile and Argentina.

Negociant – A merchant that purchases grapes, bulk juice or finished wines from other vineyards.  They can bottle the wine as is or blend it with other wines and sells it under their own brand.  https://www.winefrog.com/definition/147/negociant

Viticulture – The science, production and study of grapes.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viticulture

Bulk Juice (Bulk Wine Juice) – Wine shipped in containers (ISO, Flexitanks, etc) rather than bottles.  http://ibwsshow.com/blog/an-insiders-guide-to-the-us-bulk-wine-market/

Bordeaux style red – Blend of Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec and Petite Verdot grapes produced in the Bordeaux region of France.  http://www.winespectator.com/drvinny/show/id/47952

Bordeaux style white (Bordeaux Blanc) – Blend of Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon and Muscadelle produced in the Bordeaux region of France.   http://www.winespectator.com/drvinny/show/id/47952

Burgundy style red – Pinot Noir produced in the Burgundy region of France

Burgundy style white – Chardonnay produced in the Burgundy region of France

Rhone style red –  Its complicated….. Northern Rhone region – Syrah (may have some white varietals blended in),  Southern Rhone – up to 13 varietals including but major components are Grenache and Syrah (may have some white varietals blended in). https://www.thewinecellarinsider.com/wine-topics/wine-educational-questions/grapes-for-wine-making-flavor-characteristics-explained/guide-to-rhone-valley-wine-grapes-for-red-and-white-wine/

Rhone style white – Blend composed of two or more Rhone varietals, including but not limited to, Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne, Clairette and Bourboulenc.  https://www.winemag.com/varietals/rhone-style-white-blend/

Provence – Region in the south of France that is famous for producing Rose.

Beaujolais – A Region in France that is north of Lyon but governed under Burgundy wine making laws.  The region is known for producing red wine from Gamay grapes.

Grand Vin –  marketing term that is not regulated.  It’s a way for the Chateau to say its their best wine and mark up the price.  http://www.winespectator.com/drvinny/show/id/42975

Appellation – a geographical name (as of a region, village, or vineyard) under which a winegrower is authorized to identify and market wine.

Mis un Bouteille Chateau – Bottled at the Chateau

Terra Vitis –  environmental certification and is to be found in all the vine growing regions of France. Recognised by the French Ministry of Agriculture, Terra Vitis certification has been awarded the equivalence of level 2 environmental certification.  https://terravitis.com/presentation/?lang=en

Bordeaux Superieur – Appellation that covers the entire Bordeaux region.  However, regulations are stricter than Bordeaux:  requires aging of at least 10 months, slightly higher alcohol levels and lower yield per hectare  https://www.vivino.com/wine-regions/bordeaux-superieur   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regional_Bordeaux_AOCs

 

 

 

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